Characters from Roman mythology Greek Gods Predated Roman Gods. Names of Gods of War: Description / Roles of the Goddesses and Gods of War. He was the mythic father of Romulus and Remus, the twin sons born by Rhea Silvia, who founded the city of Rome. The first major difference between Roman gods and Greek gods is the time period. While Roman gods and Greek gods share the same powers and responsibilities, they have many differences. Mars is the god of war as per the Roman mythology. Mars is nearly identical to Ares, the Greek god of war. He was also the chief of the pantheon of the gods, as well as a protector of the Roman state. War is also equated with bloodshed, and as the planet Mars has a red colour to it, it was named after the Roman god. The god of war, Mars was identified as strong, clever, masculine, moody and vain. In some Latin mythology, Cupid was the son of Venus and Mars, the god of war. In early Roman history his role was […] Minerva: daughter of Jupiter, protector of warriors, truth and wisdom. Ares: Ares was the god of war and battle, the patron of warriors. Mars was the god of war, death, and protector of the Roman state and its Caesars. In Roman mythology, Mars (Ares in Greek mythology) is the God of War. God of justice and truth. Keep reading to learn about why Mars was important in ancient Rome, and continues to be today! Diana: goddess of hunting and the moon, protector of rivers and springs. He was an agricultural guardian. As with most major gods and goddesses in Roman mythology, the literary concept of Venus is mantled in whole-cloth borrowings from the literary Greek mythology of her counterpart, Aphrodite. M : Mater Matuta: Mater Matuta was an indigenous Roman goddess in Roman Mythology, whom the Romans eventually made equivalent to the dawn goddess Aurora: Mars: Mars the God of War: Memnon Like Zeus, Jupiter was believed to reside at […] His name is derived from the Greek root word diu, meaning “bright.” Jupiter’s equivalent in Greek mythology is Zeus. Jupiter is the Roman god of the Sky. Roman Mars: The Roman God of War. Ares, in Greek religion, god of war or, more properly, the spirit of battle. Jupiter: god of heaven and firmament, responsible for rains and thunders. Venus: goddess of beauty and love. Unlike his Roman counterpart, Mars, he was never very popular, and his worship was not extensive in Greece.He represented the distasteful aspects of brutal warfare and slaughter. Greek mythology predates Roman mythology over 1,000 years. The Roman god of war, Mars, might have shared his stories with the Greek god Ares, but the two were very different. 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