If the expedite system is introduced while the ball is not in play, the previous receiver shall serve first. 1880's: Some sources claim that the sport was once known as indoor tennis, and was played in the early 1880's by British army officers stationed in India and South Africa. Individual Men’s World Cup was held in Liverpool in 2012. The International Table Tennis Federation(ITTF) officially formed, holding the first official World Championship competition in London in 1927. The opponent moves the playing surface or touches the net assembly. Play is fast and demands quick reactions. Smash is used more often with penhold grip. For example, if A is paired with B, X is paired with Y, A is the server and X is the receiver. Table tennis 1. If the serve is a clear failure or is doubted again by the umpire after the warning, the receiver scores a point. Page 1 of 2 [ 19 posts ] Go to page 1, 2 Next It is the central body for the administration and promotion of table tennis in India. In casual games, many players do not toss the ball upward; however, this is technically illegal and can give the serving player an unfair advantage. Throughout the table tennis history, thanks to these athletes and the dedication of the ITTF over the past several decades, table tennis has seen nothing but increases in both participation and popularity, and there is no reason to believe the sport’s popularity will decline. -an indoor game based on tennis, played with small paddles and ball bounced on a table divided by a net. All the world’s best table tennis players will be heading back to the birthplace of the sport. Table tennis is an indoor ball game and is ranked the sixth most popular with an estimated 850millon fans in the world. The sport originated in Victorian England, where it was played among the upper-class as an after-dinner parlour game. Note that the hand that is holding the racket counts as part of the racket and that making a good return off one's hand or fingers is allowed. In this circumstance, the Magnus effect will still dictate the curvature of the ball to some degree. They used rackets (bats / paddles) with velum stretched over an outer casing (similar to a small drum) attached to a handle. Balls are now made of a polymer instead of celluloid as of 2015, colored white or orange, with a matte finish. Vision Impaired Table Tennis is either played as a doubles or singles competition. ", "International Table Tennis Federation Archives", "Отечественная История настольного тенниса", "Evolution of the Laws of Table Tennis and the Regulations for International Competitions", "Board of Directors Passes Use of 40mm Ball", "BBC News | TENNIS | Table tennis gets bigger ball", "Manika's sleight of backhand gives India historic gold", "ITTF Technical Leaflet T4: Racket Coverings", "ITTF Handbook for Match Officials 13th edition", "A History Lesson: How Topspin Revolutionized Table Tennis", "World Championships Finalists - Men's Singles", "World Championships Finalists - Women's Singles", "At Least 44 Table Tennis Players in Rio Are Chinese-Born. An official hall of fame exists at the ITTF Museum. [36] The server first stands with the ball held on the open palm of the hand not carrying the paddle, called the freehand, and tosses the ball directly upward without spin, at least 16 cm (6.3 in) high. Players employ this type of spin almost exclusively when serving, but at the professional level, it is also used from time to time in the lob. The choice of ball color is made according to the table color and its surroundings. Except for the initial serve, the rules are generally as follows: players must allow a ball played toward them to bounce one time on their side of the table, and must return it so that it bounces on the opposite side at least once. [32] Various types of surfaces provide various levels of spin or speed, and in some cases they nullify spin. Otherwise, X is the next server and the order becomes X→A→Y→B. Ping Pong or table tennis is my passion. Table tennis has been around for over 140 years and in that time a lot has changed since its humble beginnings being played in homes by the upper classes to now being played by millions of players in hundreds of countries all over the world. In 1902, for the first time an unofficial world championship for ping pong was held. Some think the two are one and same or are unrelated while others know nothing about the whole thing. From its modest beginnings as an after dinner indoor game, table tennis has become an important Olympic sport today. The game experienced a resurgence in popularity, and in 1922 the Table Tennis Association was re-founded as the “English Table Tennis Association.” A few years later the “International Table Tennis Federation” was formed, which showed how the game was gaining popularity around the world (including western settlements in Chinese colonies – which was a sign of things to come!) Deng Yaping of China is the first female recorded at the inaugural Women's World Cup in 1996. Returning the serve is one of the most difficult parts of the game, as the server's first move is often the least predictable and thus most advantageous shot due to the numerous spin and speed choices at his or her disposal. For example, if the previous order of play is A→X→B→Y, the order becomes X→B→Y→A after the change of service. When the player on the receiving side is not ready and the service is delivered. Sidespin can also be employed in offensive rally strokes, often from a greater distance, as an adjunct to topspin or backspin. The opponent's free hand touches the playing surface. A match shall consist of the best of any odd number of games. In table tennis topspin is regarded as an offensive technique due to increased ball speed, lower bio-mechanical efficiency and the pressure that it puts on the opponent by reducing reaction time. From 1988 until 2004, these were men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles and women's doubles. HISTORY OF TABLE TENNIS The origin of table tennis has never been exactly pinpointed, even though it's a relatively young sport, younger than lawn tennis and not much older than basketball. [15], In the 1950s, paddles that used a rubber sheet combined with an underlying sponge layer changed the game dramatically,[1] introducing greater spin and speed. Table tennis regulations allow different rubber surfaces on each side of the racket. This configuration is sometimes referred to as "traditional penhold" and is more commonly found in square-headed racket styles. - Indoor Tennis was played in the early 1880s by British Army officer in India and South Africa using lids from cigar boxes as paddles and rounded cork from wine bottles as balls with row of books set up across the Your email address will not be published. To impart a spin on the ball which is parallel to its trajectory, the racket must be swung more or less perpendicular to the trajectory of the ball, greatly limiting the forward momentum that the racket transfers to the ball. Once introduced, the expedite system remains in force until the end of the match. It also has the most participants of any sport in the world. However, the Chinese developed a technique in the 1990s in which a penholder uses both sides of the racket to hit the ball, where the player produces a backhand stroke (most often topspin) known as a reverse penhold backhand by turning the traditional side of the racket to face one's self, and striking the ball with the opposite side of the racket. TABLE TENNIS WHAT IS TABLE TENNIS? [9], The next major innovation was by James W. Gibb, a British enthusiast of table tennis, who discovered novelty celluloid balls on a trip to the US in 1901 and found them to be ideal for the game. Twenty Four years later, the first official world Table Tennis Championship took place in 1926 in London and Hungarian, Dr. Jacobi won. In 1933, the United States Table Tennis Association, now called USA Table Tennis, was formed. [11] The International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) followed in 1926. http://www.indoortabletennissite.com If You're like me and You love table tennis, then You should know some facts about it. However, these successes have been very controversial in Singapore. HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF TABLE TENNIS - Relatively young sport, younger than lawn tennis and not much older than basketball. The ITTF uses the term "racket",[30] though "bat" is common in Britain, and "paddle" in the U.S. and Canada. A game shall be won by the player first scoring 11 points unless both players score 10 points, when the game shall be won by the first player subsequently gaining a lead of 2 points. Perfected during the 1960s,[1][55] the loop is essentially the reverse of the chop. Table Tennis team World Cup is taking place on February 22-25 2018 in London. The position should feel balanced and provide a solid base for striking and quick lateral movement. The game was played with wooden bats or paddles and cork balls, usually on dining room tables, and was referred to as ping-pong, gossima or flim-flam. Competitive table tennis is popular in East Asia and Europe, and has been[vague] gaining attention in the United States. The Team World Cup was lastly held in 2015 in Dubai. Traditionally these square-headed rackets feature a block of cork on top of the handle, as well as a thin layer of cork on the back of the racket, for increased grip and comfort. England has been awarded hosting rights by the ITTF and the venue is at Copper Box Arena in London’s Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park. Obstruction means a player touches the ball when it is above or traveling towards the playing surface, not having touched the player's court since last being struck by the player. This is commonly referred to as "serve to play", "rally to serve", "play for serve", or "volley for serve".). 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